Best Tandoors Oven for Cooking in Restaurants: Types, Advantages and Applications

Introduction to Tandoor Oven

  • A tandoor oven is a traditional and iconic cooking appliance used in many parts of the world, particularly in South Asia, the Middle East, and Central Asia.
  • It is renowned for its ability to produce delicious and distinctive dishes, and it holds a special place in the culinary traditions of these regions.
  • In this introduction, we will explore the key features and uses of the tandoor oven.

Origins and History

  • The tandoor oven has a long and rich history, dating back thousands of years.
  • It is believed to have originated in the region that is now modern-day India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
  • The word “tandoor” is derived from the Persian word “tannūr,” which means “oven” or “hearth.”
  • Over the centuries, the tandoor has become an integral part of the culinary heritage of many cultures.

 Construction and Design

  • Tandoor ovens are typically constructed as cylindrical, vertically-standing ovens.
  • They are made from various materials, including clay, terracotta, or metal.
  • The key design features of a tandoor include:
    • A wide, round opening at the top for inserting food.
    • Thick walls that can withstand high temperatures.
    • A conical or dome-shaped interior to facilitate even heat distribution.
    • Insulation to retain heat efficiently.
Tandoor oven for roti making
Tandoor oven for roti making


Cooking Method:

  • The hallmark of tandoor cooking is the intense heat generated inside the oven.
  • To use a tandoor, charcoal or wood is burned inside, creating temperatures that can exceed 900°F (480°C).
  • The food is cooked by direct exposure to the radiant heat and the hot walls of the oven.
  • This high heat results in quick cooking and imparts a unique smoky flavor to the dishes.

 Culinary Uses:

Tandoor ovens are incredibly versatile and are used to prepare a wide range of dishes, including:

  • Tandoori Bread: Various types of bread, such as naan and roti, are cooked on the inner wall of the tandoor, resulting in a soft and slightly charred texture.
  • Tandoori Meats: Marinated meats like chicken, lamb, and fish are skewered and roasted in the tandoor, creating tender and flavorful dishes known as tandoori kebabs.
  • Tandoori Vegetables: Vegetables like bell peppers, tomatoes, and potatoes are also roasted in the tandoor, often accompanied by a flavorful marinade.
  • Tandoori Paneer: Paneer, a type of Indian cheese, can be marinated and cooked in the tandoor for a smoky and aromatic flavor.

Cultural Significance:

  • Tandoor cooking goes beyond the preparation of food; it is deeply ingrained in the cultural fabric of the regions where it is used.
  • It is associated with celebrations, gatherings, and communal meals, making it a symbol of hospitality and togetherness.
  • The unique flavor and texture achieved through tandoor cooking have made it a beloved part of the local cuisine.
  • In recent years, there has been a growing awareness of the environmental impact of our daily activities, including our choices in cooking methods.
  • Traditional tandoor ovens you can get in market, while renowned for their culinary prowess, typically use wood or charcoal as fuel, contributing to deforestation and air pollution.
  • Tandoors come in various types, each with its unique features, cooking methods, and applications.

tandoor for cooking in Indian hotels

Types of Tandoors

  • There are many types of tandoors.  At the point when the word baked comes up, a great many people consider the well-known Indian chicken formula “roasted chicken”
    • Square Tandoor.
    • Gas Tandoor.
    • Dirt Tandoor Oven
    • Drum Tandoor
  • Here are some of the most common types of tandoors:

Traditional Clay Tandoor

  • Description: The classic tandoor is made of clay and has been in use for centuries in South Asia and the Middle East.
  • Construction: It is a cylindrical oven with an inner lining of clay. The heat source, typically charcoal or wood, is placed at the bottom.
  • Cooking Method: Food is cooked by skewering it onto metal rods and placing it inside the tandoor. The intense heat cooks the food quickly, giving it a smoky flavor.
  • Applications: Used for cooking a wide range of dishes, including Tandoori Chicken, Naan, Roti, and various kebabs.

Metal Tandoor:

  • Description: A modern alternative to clay tandoors, metal tandoors are typically more portable and easier to maintain.
  • Construction: Made from stainless steel or other heat-resistant metals, they are often insulated to retain heat efficiently.
  • Cooking Method: Similar to traditional tandoors, food is skewered and placed inside the metal tandoor for cooking.
  • Applications: Suitable for home kitchens, food trucks, and small restaurants.

Gas Tandoor:

  • Description: Gas tandoors are designed for convenience and are often used in commercial kitchens.
  • Construction: They are equipped with gas burners that provide a consistent heat source.
  • Cooking Method: Food is skewered or placed on grates and cooked using the gas flame.
  • Applications: Ideal for restaurants and catering services that require a more controlled and consistent cooking process.

Electric Tandoor:

  • Description: Electric tandoors are compact and easy to use, making them suitable for home kitchens.
  • Construction: These tandoors are powered by electricity and have heating elements that provide even heat distribution.
  • Cooking Method: Food is placed on racks or skewers inside the electric tandoor and cooked using electricity.
  • Applications: Primarily used for preparing Tandoori dishes at home.

Wood-Fired Tandoor:

  • Description: These tandoors use wood as the primary fuel source, imparting a distinct smoky flavor to the dishes.
  • Construction: Similar to traditional clay tandoors but designed specifically for wood burning.
  • Cooking Method: Food is cooked on skewers or grates using the heat generated by burning wood.
  • Applications: Commonly found in traditional and rustic settings, providing an authentic smoky flavor to dishes.

Portable Tandoor:

  • Description: Portable tandoors are compact and designed for outdoor cooking.
  • Construction: They are often made from stainless steel and are easy to assemble and disassemble for transport.
  • Cooking Method: Food is skewered or placed inside the portable tandoor and cooked using charcoal, wood, or gas.
  • Applications: Used for outdoor gatherings, picnics, and camping trips.

Hybrid Tandoor:

  • Description: Hybrid tandoors combine different fuel sources, such as gas and charcoal, to provide flexibility in cooking methods.
  • Construction: These tandoors are designed with both gas burners and a charcoal compartment.
  • Cooking Method: Cooks have the option to use gas for convenience or charcoal for the authentic smoky flavor.
  • Applications: Ideal for restaurants that want versatility in their tandoor cooking.

Biomass Tandoor

  • A biomass tandoor, also known as a bio-tandoor, is a sustainable and eco-friendly version of the traditional tandoor oven.
  • This is more suitable for rural areas using various biomass sources as presented in the post.
  • It is designed to use biomass fuels as an alternative to wood or charcoal.
  • Biomass refers to organic materials derived from plant sources, which can include wood chips, sawdust, agricultural residues, and even recycled food waste.
  • By using these renewable and environmentally friendly fuel sources
  • a biomass tandoor reduces its carbon footprint and minimizes the negative environmental impacts associated with traditional tandoor cooking.

How to select the Best Tandoor Oven for a Restaurant 

  • Selecting the best tandoor oven for a restaurant is a crucial decision, as it can significantly impact the quality and flavor of the dishes you serve.
  • The choice will depend on factors like the menu, space, budget, and personal preferences.
  • Here are some of the best tandoor ovens for restaurant use, catering to various needs and preferences:

Scope of Traditional Clay Tandoor Oven:

  • Advantages:
    • Renowned for their ability to impart an authentic smoky flavor to dishes, these tandoors are preferred for traditional Indian and Middle Eastern cuisine.
  • Considerations:
    • They require more maintenance, take longer to heat up, and can be challenging to clean.
  • Ideal For:
    • Restaurants specializing in traditional Tandoori dishes, kebabs, and Naan bread.

Metal Tandoor Oven:

  • Advantages: Easier to maintain and clean than clay tandoors. They heat up quickly and are durable.
  • Considerations: May not provide the same smoky flavor as clay tandoors.
  • Ideal For: Restaurants that prioritize convenience and versatility, offering a wide range of Tandoori and grilled dishes.

Gas Tandoor Oven:

  • Advantages: Offers precise temperature control, making it easier to manage consistent cooking. Convenient and suitable for high-demand restaurant settings.
  • Considerations: May not provide the same smoky flavor as wood or charcoal tandoors.
  • Ideal For: Busy restaurants, especially those with a varied menu that requires precise cooking temperatures.

Wood-Fired Tandoor Oven:

  • Advantages: Imparts a rich, smoky flavor to dishes, making it an excellent choice for authentic and traditional cuisine.
  • Considerations: Requires more effort to maintain the wood-burning process and may have longer heat-up times.
  • Ideal For: Restaurants specializing in traditional Tandoori dishes and outdoor dining experiences.

Hybrid Tandoor Oven:

  • Advantages: Offers the flexibility to switch between gas and charcoal/wood, providing convenience and flavor versatility.
  • Considerations: Higher initial cost due to dual fuel options.
  • Ideal For: Restaurants that want both convenience and the option to infuse smoky flavors into their dishes.

Custom-Built Tandoor Oven:

  • Advantages: Tailored to meet specific restaurant needs, including size, design, and fuel type.
  • Considerations: Higher cost and longer lead times for construction.
  • Ideal For: Restaurants with unique requirements or those seeking a signature cooking style.

Biomass Tandoor

  •  a biomass tandoor is a sustainable and eco-friendly cooking solution that combines the rich culinary heritage of tandoor cooking with environmentally responsible practices.
  • Whether used in a restaurant or at home, it allows for the enjoyment of delicious Tandoori and grilled dishes while minimizing the environmental impact of cooking.
  • Here are some key features and benefits of a biomass tandoor:

1. Sustainability:

  • Biomass fuels are renewable resources, meaning they can be replenished naturally through the growth of plants and trees.
  • This contrasts with the unsustainable harvesting of wood for traditional tandoors, which contributes to deforestation and habitat destruction.

2. Reduced Carbon Emissions:

  • When organic matter is burned, it releases carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere.
  • However, because the plants absorbed CO2 from the atmosphere during their growth, burning biomass creates a carbon-neutral or even carbon-negative cooking process when managed sustainably. This helps combat climate change.

3. Improved Air Quality:

  • Traditional tandoors that use wood or charcoal emit harmful particulate matter and pollutants into the air, contributing to air pollution and respiratory issues.
  • Biomass tandoors produce fewer pollutants, resulting in improved air quality.

4. Cost Savings:

  • Biomass fuels are often more affordable and readily available than wood or charcoal, making biomass tandoors a cost-effective choice for both commercial and residential users.

5. Versatility:

  • Biomass tandoors can be used to cook a wide variety of dishes, just like traditional tandoors.
  • They are versatile and can accommodate various types of cuisine, from Tandoori specialties to grilled and roasted items.

6. Energy Efficiency:

  • Many biomass tandoors are designed with insulation and efficient combustion systems, which can lead to energy savings and reduced fuel consumption.

7. Sustainable Business Practices:

  • Using a biomass tandoor can be seen as a commitment to sustainable and eco-friendly business practices, appealing to environmentally conscious customers.

Challenges and Considerations:

  • Fuel Sourcing: Procuring sustainable biomass fuels may require careful management and partnerships with local suppliers to ensure a consistent and environmentally responsible supply.
  • Maintenance: Like traditional tandoors, biomass tandoors may require regular cleaning and maintenance to remove ash and ensure proper combustion.
  • Education: Users, including restaurant staff, need to be educated on the proper use of biomass fuels and safety measures.


  • In summary, the tandoor oven is a time-honored and cherished cooking appliance that has left an indelible mark on the culinary traditions of various cultures.
  • Its ability to produce mouthwatering dishes with a distinctive smoky flavor continues to make it a beloved and essential tool in kitchens worldwide.
  • When choosing a tandoor oven for your restaurant, consider factors such as menu specialization, cooking volume, available space, budget, and the level of expertise among your kitchen staff.
  • Additionally, consult with reputable tandoor suppliers or manufacturers who can provide guidance on selecting the best option to meet your restaurant’s specific needs.
  • Ultimately, the right tandoor oven will enhance the authenticity and quality of your restaurant’s Tandoori cuisine.

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