CNG or Electric Bike Which One is better

Comparison of CNG and Electric Bike 

Is CNG better than an electric bike?

  • When comparing CNG bikes and electric bikes in the context of India, several factors specific to the Indian market need to be considered, including infrastructure, government policies, and the typical usage patterns of Indian consumers.
  • CNG might not be as clean a fuel as electricity, but it is the more sensible choice in the current scenario.
  • The Lovato CNG kit makes a scooter retain the utility of a normal petrol-powered scooter while giving you the option of a more economical and cleaner fuel

 CNG Bike is faster than an electric bike?

  • Gas bikes are faster, noisier, heavier, less efficient, cheaper to purchase, more expensive to maintain, and have a longer range.
  • An Electric bike is slower, lighter, quieter, more efficient, more costly to purchase, cheaper to maintain, and has a shorter range
  • Here’s a detailed comparison to help you decide:
CNG bikes in India
CNG bikes in India

Infrastructure and Availability

  • Electric Bikes:
    • Charging Stations: The infrastructure for electric vehicle (EV) charging is rapidly expanding, especially in urban areas. Many cities now have public charging stations, and some residential complexes and workplaces are installing private charging points.
    • Battery Swapping: Some companies offer battery swapping services, which can reduce downtime and make electric bikes more convenient.
  • CNG Bikes:
    • Refueling Stations: CNG refueling infrastructure is concentrated in certain areas, particularly in metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Pune. Availability in rural areas and smaller cities is limited compared to urban centers.

Government Policies and Incentives

  • Electric Bikes:
    • Subsidies and Incentives: The Indian government offers various incentives for electric vehicles under the FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles) scheme. These include subsidies, tax benefits, and reduced registration fees.
    • Policy Support: Policies are increasingly favoring electric vehicles to reduce pollution and reliance on fossil fuels.
    • Refer to the post for Government Subsidy for different Electric Vehicles Statewise
  • CNG Bikes:
    • Subsidies: CNG vehicles also receive some support, but the focus is more on public transportation and larger vehicles.
    • Policy Support: Less emphasis compared to electric vehicles, with more support directed towards reducing vehicular emissions through electrification.
EV bike400-right-side-view-12
EV bike400-right-side-view-12

Environmental Impact

  • Electric Bikes:
    • Zero Emissions: Electric bikes produce no tailpipe emissions, which is crucial for improving air quality in congested cities.
    • Energy Source: The environmental benefit is higher when the electricity comes from renewable sources.
  • CNG Bikes:
    • Lower Emissions: While CNG bikes emit fewer pollutants than petrol or diesel bikes, they still contribute to greenhouse gas emissions.

Comparison with Electric Bikes

  • Environmental Impact: Both CNG and electric bikes are more environmentally friendly than petrol bikes. However, electric bikes have zero tailpipe emissions, whereas CNG bikes still emit some pollutants.
  • Running Costs: Electric bikes tend to have lower running costs compared to CNG bikes due to the lower price of electricity.
  • Infrastructure: The charging infrastructure for electric bikes is growing, but CNG refueling infrastructure is also expanding.
  • Performance: Electric bikes can offer better performance in torque and acceleration.
  • Range and Refueling/Recharging Time: CNG bikes can be refueled quickly compared to the longer recharging time of electric bikes, though electric bikes typically have a shorter range per charge.

Cost and Maintenance

  • Electric Bikes:
    • Running Costs: Lower running costs due to cheaper electricity compared to CNG and petrol.
    • Maintenance: Fewer moving parts lead to lower maintenance costs. Battery replacement can be a significant expense but is less frequent.
  • CNG Bikes:
    • Running Costs: Lower than petrol bikes but higher than electric bikes.
    • Maintenance: Similar to petrol bikes, with added maintenance for the CNG system.

Usability and Performance

  • Electric Bikes:
    • Range: Typically lower range per charge compared to CNG, but sufficient for daily urban commutes. Range anxiety can be mitigated by charging infrastructure.
    • Performance: Instant torque and smoother ride.
  • CNG Bikes:
    • Range: Better range compared to electric bikes, making them suitable for longer commutes.
    • Performance: Comparable to petrol bikes with slightly reduced power.

Future Prospects

  • Electric Bikes:
    • Growth Potential: High growth potential with increasing investments in technology and infrastructure.
    • Innovation: Continuous advancements in battery technology and energy efficiency.
  • CNG Bikes:
    • Growth Potential: Limited compared to electric bikes. Seen more as a transitional technology.
Comparison of CNG and electric Bikes in India
Comparison of CNG and electric Bikes in India

CNG bikes in India

  • Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) bikes are a developing concept in India, aimed at providing an eco-friendly alternative to traditional petrol and diesel-powered motorcycles.
  • Here are some key points about CNG bikes in India:

Advantages of CNG Bikes

  1. Eco-Friendly: CNG produces fewer pollutants compared to petrol and diesel, leading to lower emissions of harmful gases such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and hydrocarbons.
  2. Cost-Effective: CNG is generally cheaper than petrol and diesel, reducing the running costs of the bike.
  3. Availability: India has a growing network of CNG filling stations, particularly in urban areas, making it more convenient for users to refuel.
  4. Fuel Efficiency: CNG bikes can offer better mileage compared to their petrol counterparts, making them economical for daily use.
  5. Government Incentives: The Indian government supports the adoption of CNG vehicles through various policies and subsidies.

Disadvantages of CNG Bikes

  1. Limited Range: CNG bikes might have a limited range compared to petrol bikes due to the storage capacity of CNG tanks.
  2. Refueling Infrastructure: While improving, CNG refueling infrastructure is still not as widespread as petrol stations, especially in rural areas.
  3. Initial Cost: CNG bikes can be more expensive initially due to the cost of CNG conversion kits or factory-fitted CNG systems.
  4. Storage Space: The CNG tank can take up significant space on the bike, potentially reducing storage options for the rider.
  5. Performance: CNG bikes might have slightly lower power output compared to petrol bikes, affecting overall performance.

Current Scenario in India

  • CNG Conversion Kits: Many existing petrol bikes can be fitted with CNG conversion kits, which are becoming increasingly available in the market.
  • Pilot Projects: Some Indian cities have started pilot projects to promote CNG bikes, and certain manufacturers are exploring the development of dedicated CNG bike models.
  • Environmental Policies: With stringent environmental regulations, there is a push towards cleaner fuel alternatives, providing a favorable environment for CNG bike adoption.

Cost of CNG bike in India

  • The cost of CNG bikes in India varies depending on whether the bike is a factory-fitted CNG model or a petrol bike converted to run on CNG using a conversion kit.
  • As the market for CNG bikes grows and more manufacturers enter the segment, the costs are expected to become more competitive.
  • Additionally, government incentives and subsidies for cleaner vehicles may further reduce the overall cost for consumers.
  • The actual cost can vary based on the bike model, the conversion kit’s quality, and local market conditions. For the latest and most accurate pricing, it’s best to check with local dealers and service centers that offer CNG conversion services.

Factory-Fitted CNG Bikes

  • Currently, there are limited options for factory-fitted CNG bikes in India, as this is still a developing segment.
  • As manufacturers start introducing these models, the varies as per technology of CNG kit
  • The prices are expected to range between INR 70,000 to INR 1,00,000, depending on the bike’s specifications and features.

CNG Conversion Kits

  • For existing petrol bikes, the cost of installing a CNG conversion kit can range from INR 15,000 to INR 25,000.
  • This includes the cost of the kit itself and the installation charges. Some popular models that are being converted include commuter bikes like the Bajaj Pulsar, Hero Splendor, and Honda Shine.
CNG kits for Bike
CNG kits for Bike

Additional Costs

  • Registration and Approval:
    • After conversion, the bike needs to be registered with the Regional Transport Office (RTO) and approved for use with CNG.
    • This might involve additional costs.
  • Maintenance:
    • While CNG bikes generally require less frequent maintenance compared to petrol bikes, the specific components of the CNG system may incur additional maintenance costs.

Example Cost Breakdown

For a typical conversion of a petrol bike to CNG:

  • Petrol Bike: INR 60,000 – INR 80,000 (depending on the model)
  • CNG Conversion Kit: INR 15,000 – INR 25,000
Honda electric bike
Honda electric bike

Cost of Electric Bike In India

  • The cost of electric bikes in India varies widely based on factors such as battery capacity, range, brand, and features.
  • Here’s a general overview of the price ranges for different categories of electric bikes:
  • The cost of the Revolt RV400 electric bike in India varies slightly depending on the variant and location. Generally, the price ranges from ₹1,33,750 to ₹1,38,750​ (BikeDekho)​​ (HT Auto)​. Some of the special editions, such as the Stealth Black Limited Edition, are priced at the higher end of this range​ (Bikeleague India)​.
  • The Revolt RV400 is known for its features like 4G connectivity, smartphone pairing via the Revolt app, keyless operation, and a Combined Braking System (CBS).
  • It also includes geofencing for security, an artificial engine note, and a range of 80-150 km per charge, with a top speed of 85 km/h​ (BikeDekho)​​ (Bikeleague India)​.
EV bike400-right-side-view-12
EV bike400-right-side-view-12

Entry-Level Electric Scooty

These are typically basic models suitable for short commutes and urban use:

Comparison of Ola S1 Pro vs Ather 450x
Comparison of Ola S1 Pro vs Ather 450x

Mid-Range Electric Bikes

These bikes offer better performance, range, and features, making them suitable for daily commutes:

  • Price Range: INR 50,000 – INR 90,000
  • Examples: Ather 450 Plus, Hero Electric Optima HX, Okinawa PraisePro

High-End Electric Bikes

These are premium models with advanced features, longer range, and higher performance, suitable for longer commutes and more demanding usage:

  • Price Range: INR 90,000 – INR 1,50,000+
  • Examples: Ather 450X, Bajaj Chetak, TVS iQube

Key Factors Affecting Cost

  1. Battery Capacity and Type: Lithium-ion batteries are more expensive but offer better performance and longer life compared to lead-acid batteries.
  2. Range: Bikes with longer range per charge typically cost more.
  3. Motor Power: Higher power motors provide better performance but increase the cost.
  4. Features: Advanced features like smart connectivity, regenerative braking, and fast charging add to the cost.
  5. Brand and Build Quality: Established brands and higher build quality usually come with a premium price.

Government Incentives

  • The Indian government provides various incentives for electric vehicles, such as subsidies, tax benefits, and reduced registration fees.
  • These incentives can significantly reduce the effective cost of purchasing an electric bike.

Example Cost Breakdown

For a mid-range electric bike:

  • Base Price: INR 60,000 – INR 80,000
  • Battery Upgrade (if applicable): INR 10,000 – INR 20,000
  • Additional Features (if applicable): INR 5,000 – INR 10,000
  • Total Cost: INR 75,000 – INR 1,10,000


  • Choose an Electric Bike in India if:
    • You have access to charging infrastructure.
    • You want an eco-friendly, low-maintenance option for urban commutes.
    • You can benefit from government incentives.
  • Choose a CNG Bike in India if:
    • You have easy access to CNG refueling stations.
    • You need a bike with a longer range for commuting.
    • You prefer a more traditional biking experience with lower emissions than petrol bikes.
  • Overall, electric bikes are likely the better long-term option in India due to the government’s focus on promoting electric vehicles, expanding charging infrastructure, and the environmental benefits.
  • CNG bikes present a viable option for reducing emissions and operating costs in India, complementing the growing market of electric bikes.

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